Golden nuggets outdoor climbers may find useful

Wire-gate carabiners, ultra-lightweight carabiners and bolt plates

Never use a wire-gate carabiner to clip a bolt plate. The gates are
so thin that that the bolt plate may come off the bolt even though the
carabiner is still clipped through it. Since many routes in WA have
hangerless bolts, it is best that on your rack you have wire-gate
carabiners on the rope end of the draw only. You will only save 15 grams
per carabiner so on 13 draws it is 200 extra grams, which is less than
the weight of a cup of water – not worth risking your health over. For
the same reason it is recommended not to use ultra-lightweight
carabiners on the bolt plate end – they may be so thin in some sections
as to give the same problem as a wire gate. Use a normal straight gate
biner, no need for anything extra chunky, just make sure that it is not
too thin.


Consider using a helmet, especially at crags which have loose rock at
the top such as Churchman’s, where dislodged rocks regularly land at
the bottom. A helmet is just as important for the belayer as for the
leader and is considerably less bothersome to wear while belaying so why

Bolt hangers

RP hangers will not fit on some bolts, hence it is best not to use
them. The hole in them is a tiny bit smaller than for other hangers, and
they may not fit on “fat carrots”. Fat carrots are bolts which have
been hit by the installer’s hammer so hard that their diameter is
increased. Use PFH 90 degree hangers, they will fit on pretty much

Belayer ground anchor

If the belayer is much lighter than the leader, attach the belayer to
the ground with a sling or with the slack end of the lead rope. Useful
attachment points are tree trunks, roots, bushes, rock features etc. The
belayer ground anchor need not be bombproof, you need something to
counter a circa 50kg upward pull. There have been MANY minor accidents
where the belayer got pulled up and into the overhang just above them,
and ended up with a very sore head.

Lightweight wind/rain jacket

If you are climbing a high and exposed cliff (Bluff knoll, Peak Head
South Face, Peak Charles) get a compact and lightweight wind/rain jacket
(eg. polyuretane coated nylon, about $80, no need for it to be fancy or
breathable) and stuff it into a small camera case. The jacket and
camera case should together weigh no more than 400grams. Clip the camera
case to your harness with a carabiner ensuring there are no dodgy
velcros that can come undone). This may not sound like a safety item but
if you get hypothermic it is easy to make bad judgement errors and have
bad accidents.


On big cliffs always carry a lightweight LED headlamp with fresh
batteries. Descending from Peak Charles in pitch black darkness is
incredibly exciting otherwise.

Knot on end of abseil rope

Unless you are sure that the abseil rope can reach the ground, put a
knot on the end of it – Figure 8 will do. Many people have died
worldwide after they abseiled off the end of a rope (often in the dark
and when they were judgement-impaired due to cold/exhaustion etc.)

Discard old gear

The world-famous climber Todd Skinner died when his worn-out harness
broke. The legend is that in the next week everyone in Lander, Wyoming
went out and bought a new harness. Other stuff breaks too: ropes break
(especially when loaded over sharp edges), nylon ages and loses
strength, wires on nuts corrode and break. Keep gear in good shape and
don’t get attached to relics.


There are many other dangers not listed here. It is a very good idea
to do training courses, read instruction books, read accident reports in
books and magazines and talk to experienced climbers.